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This project takes the popular Heathkit IG-18 (and 5218) audio generator to a whole new level of performance, replacing the main board with a design based-on the HP-339A. The write-up is in the form of what I call construction notes, which is brief.

Heathkit IG-18 Constr. Notes Icon

IG-18SL Construction Notes (1MB)

Finished, modified Heathkit IG-18SL
Bottom view of the oscillator board wiring
Oscillator board
Oscillator board installed. New range switch with cap board mounted.
Assembling the cap board
Addendum flag

Finished IG-18SL

Bottom view of the
oscillator board wiring

Oscillator board

Oscillator board installed. New range switch with
cap board mounted.

Assembling the cap board

Later Developments

PCB Created for the Project!

We are pleased to present contributions from reader Larry Burk, who created an excellent layout for the IG-18SL in Eagle CAE software. After doing the layout, he fabricated his own, single-sided PCB and successfully built the working generator. Performance results seem at least as good as the ones we obtained. In fact, noting that our distortion results were limited by the HP8903A analyzer we used, Larry was able to measure far lower distortion at midband fre­quen­cies, using special techniques. His project, with the PCB, is shown below.

IG-18SL with Burk PCB
Oscboard1 low

The PCB layout, as seen in Eagle is at left. (Click on it for higher resolution.) Note that red topside traces are only to guide topside wiring. They aren’t intended to meet fab rules. Also, everything shown outside of the terminal reference letters is just extra descriptive info, in a reference layer.

Tips on Fabricating the PCB

For readers who want to fabricate the PCB, Larry provides the following tips (edited and augmented):

  • The board is intended for single-sided, DIY fabrication. As such, the topside traces are to guide topside hand wiring and the silkscreen was for guidance, rather than application to the board. While some silkscreen marks may overlap pads, PCB vendors typically mask out the silkscreen over the pads, anyway.
  • The overall dimensions of the board are 5.4 x 4.0-inches.
  • The PCB provides for a few enhancements, over the IG-18SL schematic:
    • Pot R54 (1kohm) is added, in series with R51. If the pot is used, reduce R51 to 2.2K. Adjust the pot for minimum (second) harmonic distortion.
    • Two 0.1uF bypass caps (C49,50) are added at U4.
    • The power supply seems quieter with two 10uF tantalum caps added, across C5 and C6. Those can be tack soldered across C5 and C6, under the PCB.
  • Since Newark no longer has HA2625’s Dick Moore indicates that a LT1468 works very well for U1. It is a direct replacement, except that the compensation components are left out. Those would be C44,45,48, CR7,8, R27,28. Dick also left out C32,46 and R29, though he and Larry think that these last three might be useful. LT1468CN8 is available from Digikey or from Linear Tech directly.
  • Eagle version-6 is required to open the .brd file.
  • Eagle generates errors if an error check is run on the board. That’s because the red topside traces were only intended to indicate where jumper wires are used, not for actual PCB fabrication; as-is, traces overlap. After inspection approve all of them and it will be okay.
  • In this build, the high voltage supplying the neon lamp caused noise/distortion which was hard to locate. It would be worthwhile during checkout to disconnect it at transformer end to see if it is adding anything, especially on the high value range resistances. [Larry’s knob inserts had been modified, requiring that the frequency vernier pot be oriented with its leads near the lamp. Normally, the leads will be positioned on the opposite side from the lamp —ed.]
  • The Electroswitch 6P4T rotary switch for S1, is getting expensive; about $27 now. Mouser has an Alpha rotary switch (SR2921F-0304-19R0B-E9-S-W) for $5.16 that would work but a perf board for most of the larger caps would need to be made and mounted where the old power supply is located, similar to what Dick Moore did. It’s not as nice a switch.
  • For the square wave generator, the CD40106B was substituted for the equivalent 74C14B, since the other chip was handy. R5 needed to be increased to 56K, to obtain a 50% duty cycle. Other specifications were not tested but the chips have similar speed ratings.
  • The Heathkit attenuator resistors were changed to the HP style shown at the bottom of the page on Dick Moore’s site. It was a pretty easy job and is accurate.
  • Gerber files for PCB fabrication are provided below. If instead, you wish to generate your own output files from the .brd Eagle file, the topside metal file should be discarded and not sent to board house, because of the overlaps mentioned above. The silkscreen can still be used, though I didn’t, since the PCB was made at home. If you wish, you can view the Gerber files using the free application, GC-Prevue. Note that it will show errors (which are harmless), due to the fact that informational parts of the layout extend past the Eagle zero-reference. That was needed to use free Eagle to create the board.
  • Warning: Larry has kindly generated Gerber files to allow PCBs to be fabricated at commercial board vendors. However, those files have not at this point been used to make a board. Please proceed at your own risk. We would very much like to hear, your results, if you have boards made with the files —ed.

PCB Files for Download

OscBoard silk low
Files pkg pic out

Click on the image at left, for a high resolution pdf file, showing the silk-
screen and topside jumper wires.

Click on the image at left, to download a small zip file, containing the files package for PCB fabrication.

The PCB files package includes:

  • Readme IG-18SL Osc.txt - a list of the files.
  • IG-18SL Osc.brd - Complete Eagle v.6 layout file.
  • IG-18SL Osc.sts - Bottom solder mask
  • IG-18SL Osc.sol - Bottom copper
  • IG-18SL Osc.plc - Silkscreen
  • IG-18SL Osc.drd - Excellon drill data
  • IG-18SL Osc.dri - Readable ASCII summary of drill information.
  • IG-18SL Osc.gpi - Readable ASCII summary of photoplotter information.

Formats: txt, dri, gpi are ASCII. The drd file is excellon drill data. Others are Gerber. Note that this layout is intended for a single sided board. The topside traces shown in the BRD file are only to guide topside jumper installation. They are not suitable for fabricating a topside copper layer on the PCB.

Intriguing Later Developments from Dick Moore*

In addition to creating the PCB for the IG-18SL, Larry Burk also contacted Dick Moore, who built a fascinating website here. Dick has done extensive work on various approaches to enhancing the IG-18. With one of Larry’s PCBs, Dick constructed the circuit and did some advanced measurements which showed that the distortion at lower frequencies could be far lower than what I was able to measure, with the limitations of the HP8903A analyzer. His write up on it is here. I must say that the distortion figures seem almost too good to be true (under 0.0001% at 1kHz, 0.0003% at 10kHz). However, his measurement methods, while indirect, certainly make sense. Note that Dick calls this build the “IG-339A.” As mentioned above, Dick also found that an LT1468 opamp works very well, in place of the hard-to-find HA3-2625.

He also experimented with using the original Heathkit tuning network with the new PCB circuitry, calling that build, the “IG-339B.” His write up on that version is here. The Heathkit tuning network uses a 10:1 ratio of capacitors in the bridged-T, versus HP’s 100:1 ratio. It originally seemed likely that the higher ratio was responsible for the low distortion performance of the HP-339 oscillator. However, he reports measured distortion figures under 0.0005% over 100Hz to 10kHz. While I find this very surprising, Dick obviously has done a lot of excellent work on this, so I would hardly question his results. I really wish that I had time right now to get back into this project but alas, there are so many others that I’m juggling. (Maybe you know the feeling—so many toys, so little time :)

*This article was written in 2012. Sadly, Dick passed away in 2015. However, in 2016, his wife Robin graciously allowed Tronola to preserve his website, Moorepage, where you can find more information.

 

Reader Comments


Posted by Steve L. September 22, 2017 - 06:13 pm
Hi Shawn, Those turned out to be interesting questions indeed! The short answers are 1N34A diode and a 34VCT transformer, rated for 50-100mA. The main concern about the diode is its forward characteristics. That's because the IG-18 meter scale is corrected for the diode effects at low voltage. Heath's part number for the diode was 56-26 which is shown as a 1N191 in the cross reference table at d8apro.com.

I looked at the NTE replacement but it's not a very good characteristic match. You can actually get original 1N191 diodes on eBay but they sell in a pack of five for $15. The diode I actually used (which worked well) came from Radio Shack more than ten years ago and was an unmarked Germanium, as I recall. Shouldn't matter a great deal though and the 1N34A looks like a good match for the forward spec.

The Heath transformer is given as 34VCT for the wiring configuration I employed. DC current is about 30mA on each rail and the positive rail rises to about 47mA with the square wave converter on. Since the rectifier/filter puts a high load on peaks, it's customary to rate the transformer for a higher AC current, hence the 50-100mA figure. Voltages into the regulators with no load are typically ±29VDC.

Let us know how it goes. Will be happy to help if you have further questions.

Posted by Shawn S. September 22, 2017 - 03:25 pm
Thank you, much appreciated.

Do you have a part number for the germanium diode? Also, Being a project nut, I have several small footprint toroidal transformers on hand. What would be the ballpark specs that would work for this? Thanks in advance.

Posted by Steve L. September 22, 2017 - 08:39 am
Hi Shawn, The CD40106B is equivalent to 74C14B and is available at Digikey and other places. (I wish they would indicate that on the "obsolete" page.) The schematic and the parts list in the construction notes have been updated to show the CD40106B as equivalent. Thank you for bringing this up!

Posted by Shawn S. September 21, 2017 - 07:25 pm
Is there an exact part number or equivalent for the 74C14B? Mouser and Digi-key doesn't seem to carry them. Remove the B and quite a few places have the 74C14. Any help would be greatly appreciated. Thanks.

Posted by Steve L. October 25, 2013 - 12:16 pm
Hi Jesper, Thank you kindly for your nice message. Hearty congratulations on completing the project! I hope that using your new IG-18 gives you as much pleasure as using mine has given me. Before doing this project, I had gone through previous iterations of "greening" the critter, beginning way back in the seventies with an article from the Audio Amateur. While those reduced distortion, they increased settling time and reduced stability. Now when I use it, I recall how it used to waver around the final level and change level across the bands. The way HP's excellent circuit just locks right in on the level seems almost magical in comparison.

Posted by Jesper M October 25, 2013 - 09:13 am
Hi Steve,

Just wanted to say that your write-up here of the modifications to the Heath IG-18 has been really, really helpful in my upgrading the Heath. Combined with Dick Moore's webpage & good assistance I've just completed the re-build and the oscillator seems to work splendidly should (from < 1Hz to 110 kHz) although I still need to check distortion. So - many thanks for setting up this site & documentation!! Greetings, Jesper Mønsted (Denmark)


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